Low sperm count signs – Complete absence of sperm is called azoospermia and low sperm count is called oligospermia.
Low sperm count causes a lot of difficulties in a man’s sex life. Knowing about a low sperm count can help in many different ways, such as boosting confidence, better chances of pregnancy, and lower stress levels.
In this article, we will tell you about the symptoms, causes and treatment of low sperm count, what are the effects of low sperm count and how you can treat low sperm count.
What is the Normal Sperm Count
A normal sperm count ranges from 15 million spermatozoa to over 200 million spermatozoa per milliliter of semen. Anything less than 15 million sperm per milliliter, or 39 million sperm per ejaculate, is considered low.
Low Sperm Count Symptoms
The first and foremost sign of a low sperm count is the inability to contribute to conceiving a child when the woman has no fertility problems. There may be no other obvious signs or symptoms.
- Problems with sexual function – low sex drive or difficulty maintaining an erection i.e. erectile dysfunction
- pain, swelling, or a lump in the testicle area
- loss of facial or body hair
When should I consult a doctor?
are unable to conceive a child after one year of regular, unprotected intercourse with their partner
have problems with erection or ejaculation,
showing a low sex drive or other problems with sexual activity
have pain, discomfort, a lump, or swelling in the testicular area
Have a genetic history of testicle, prostate, or sexual problems
have had surgery on the groin, testicles, penis, or scrotum
Low Sperm Count Causes
There are 3 main causes of low sperm count in men.
Medical Cause –
Low sperm count can be caused by many health problems and medical treatments. Some of these include:
Varicocele: A varicocele is an inflammation of the veins that drain the testicles. This is a common cause of male infertility.
Infections: Some infections can interfere with sperm production and sperm health which prevents the passage of sperm. These include some sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia and gonorrheal swollen testicles, and other infections of the urinary tract or reproductive organs.
Ejaculation problems: Various health conditions can cause ejaculation, including diabetes, spinal cord injury, and surgery of the bladder, prostate, or urethra. Some medications can also result in retrograde ejaculation, such as blood pressure medications known as alpha-blockers.
Antibodies that attack sperm: Anti-sperm antibodies are cells of the immune system that mistakenly recognize sperm as harmful invaders and destroy them.
Tumors: Cancerous and non-malignant tumors can directly affect the male reproductive organs, or can affect the glands that release hormones related to fertility (such as the pituitary gland). Surgery, radiation or chemotherapy to treat tumors can also affect male fertility.
Scrotal testicles: During fetal development, one or both testicles sometimes fail to descend from the abdomen into the sac that normally contains the testicles (scrotum).
Hormone imbalance: The hypothalamus, pituitary, and testicles produce hormones that are needed to make sperm. Changes in these hormones, as well as those from other systems such as the thyroid and adrenals, can also lead to decreased sperm production.
Sperm duct defect: The tubes that carry sperm can be damaged by disease or injury. Some men are born with a blockage in the part of the testicle that stores sperm or one of the testicles that ejects sperm.
Chromosomal defects: Inherited disorders such as Klinefelter syndrome – in which a male is born with two X chromosomes and one Y chromosome instead of one X – cause abnormal development of the male reproductive organs.
Celiac disease: A digestive disorder caused by sensitivity to gluten, celiac disease can cause male infertility.
Certain medications: Testosterone replacement therapy, long-term use of anabolic steroids, cancer drugs (chemotherapy), some antifungal and antibiotics, some ulcer medications can inhibit sperm production and reduce male fertility.
Environmental reasons –
Industrial chemicals: Exposure to benzene, toluene, xylene, herbicides, pesticides, organic solvents, painting materials, and lead can lower sperm count.
Heavy metal exposure: Infertility is caused by exposure to lead or other heavy metals.
Radiation or X-rays: Exposure to radiation can reduce sperm production. It can take many years for sperm production to return to normal.
Heating the testicles: Frequent use of a sauna or hot tub can temporarily lower your sperm count. prolonged sitting, wearing tight clothing, or prolonged periods
Using a laptop on your lap can reduce sperm production. The type of underwear you choose is unlikely to significantly affect your sperm count.
Prolonged cycling: Prolonged cycling is another possible cause of low fertility due to overheating of the testicles.
Health, lifestyle and other reasons
Other causes of low sperm count include:
illicit drug use
Low Sperm Count Prevention
There are a few ways to prevent low sperm count.
reduce alcohol consumption
eat nutritious food
reduce the amount of stress
do not do drugs
don’t wear tight underwear
Avoid using lubricants while having sex
Low Sperm Count Diagnosis
General physical examination and medical history
This includes an examination of your genitals and asking questions about any inherited conditions, chronic health problems, diseases, injuries, or surgeries that may affect fertility. Your doctor may also ask about your sexual habits with your partner.
A low sperm count is referred to as part of a semen analysis test. Sperm count is usually determined by examining the semen under a microscope to see how many sperm are visible within the squares on the grid pattern. In some cases, a computer may be used to measure the sperm count.
Semen samples can be obtained in a few different ways. You can provide a sample at the doctor’s office by masturbating and ejaculating in a special container.
Due to religious or cultural beliefs, some men prefer an alternative method of semen collection. In such cases, semen can be collected using a special condom during intercourse.
Based on the initial findings, your doctor may recommend additional tests to look for other possible causes of your low sperm count and male infertility.
Anti-sperm antibody test
special sperm function test
Low Sperm Count Treatment
Surgery: In cases where no sperm is present in the ejaculate, sperm can often be obtained directly from the testicles or epididymis using sperm retrieval techniques.
Treating Infections: Antibiotics can cure an infection of the reproductive tract, but this does not always restore fertility.
Hormone treatments and medications: Your doctor may recommend hormone replacement or medications in cases where infertility is caused by high or low levels of certain hormones or by problems with the body’s use of hormones.
Assisted reproductive technology (ART): ART treatment involves obtaining sperm through normal ejaculation, surgical extraction, depending on your specific situation and wishes.
Low Sperm Count Complications
There are certain complications if there is a decrease in sperm count
unable to be a father
loss of interest in sex
may have surgery that may not be effective
Invest money on expensive procedures like IVF to conceive
Low Sperm Count Alternative Medicine
Studies showing potential benefits on improving sperm count or quality include
Horse Chestnut (Aeskin)
FAQ: – Low sperm count signs
Q. 1. How do I know if I have low sperm count?
Ans – Semen examination results
You are considered to have a low sperm count on the off chance that you have less than 15 million sperm for every milliliter or under 39 million sperm all out per discharge. Your possibility getting your accomplice pregnant abatements with diminishing sperm counts. A few men have no sperm in their semen by any means.
Q. 2. What happens if a man has low sperm count?
Ans – A low sperm count, likewise called oligozoospermia, is where a man has less than 15 million sperm for every milliliter of semen. Having a low sperm count can make it more hard to consider normally, albeit effective pregnancies can in any case happen.
Q. 3. What causes low sperm?
Ans – Way of life decisions can bring down sperm numbers. Smoking, drinking liquor, and taking specific prescriptions can bring down sperm numbers. Different reasons for low sperm numbers incorporate long haul disorder (like kidney disappointment), adolescence diseases (like mumps), and chromosome or chemical issues (like low testosterone).
Q. 4. How can I check my sperm count at home?
Ans – To check your sperm count, you can utilize an at-home testing pack, which are accessible at most pharmacies and drug stores. Notwithstanding, realize that at-home tests don’t gauge all ripeness factors like the percent of your sperm that are alive and the way in which well they move.
Q. 5. Which food improves sperm?
Ans – Beef contains zinc, selenium, carnitine, and vitamin B12. These nutrients have been shown to boost and support a heathy sperm count.
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